We now must calculate the effects of the second row action. The rotation response of the gears to giving C one negative (CW) turn is determined as follows:
The ARM is stationary:
Gear A turns are calculated as follows. The negative sign is a result of A and B being external gears.
Gear B turns are calculated as follows.
Gear D turns are the same as those for Gear B.
Gear E turns are calculated as follows.
STEP 3 Now, inputting into the table:
Action 
Arm 
A 
B 
C 
D 
E 
Gears locked, arm given one positive turn. 
+1 
+1 
+1 
+1 
+1 
+1 
Arm locked in vertical position, C turns CW (negatively) once. 
0 
6.7 
2.3 
1 
2.3 
.78 
Add the above two columns to obtain the RESULTANT TURNS  





