eFunda: Properties of Stainless Steel AISI Type 316
engineering fundamentals Stainless Steel AISI Type 316
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AISI Type 316
Category Steel
Class Stainless steel
Type Austenitic standard
Common Names Chromium-Nickel steel
Designations  France: AFNOR Z 6 CND 17.11
Germany: DIN 1.4401
Italy: UNI X 5 CrNIMo 17 12
Japan: JIS SUH 309 , JIS SUS 316 , JIS SUS Y 316
Sweden: SS 2347
United Kingdom: B.S. 316 S 16 , B.S. 316 S 18 , B.S. 316 S 25 , B.S. 316 S 26 , B.S. 316 S 30 , B.S. 316 S 40 , B.S. 316 S 41 , B.S. En. 58 H
United States: AMS 5524 , AMS 5573 , AMS 5648 , AMS 5690 , AMS 5691 , ASME SA182 , ASME SA193 , ASME SA194 , ASME SA213 , ASME SA240 , ASME SA249 , ASME SA312 , ASME SA320 , ASME SA358 , ASME SA376 , ASME SA403 , ASME SA409 , ASME SA430 , ASME SA479 , ASME SA688 , ASTM A167 , ASTM A182 , ASTM A193 , ASTM A194 , ASTM A213 , ASTM A240 , ASTM A249 , ASTM A269 , ASTM A276 , ASTM A312 , ASTM A313 , ASTM A314 , ASTM A320 , ASTM A358 , ASTM A368 , ASTM A376 , ASTM A403 , ASTM A409 , ASTM A430 , ASTM A473 , ASTM A478 , ASTM A479 , ASTM A580 , FED QQ-S-763 , FED QQ-S-766 , FED QQ-W-423 , MIL SPEC MIL-S-5059 , MIL SPEC MIL-S-862 , SAE 30316 , SAE J405 (30316) , UNS S31600

Composition

ElementWeight %
C  0.08 
Mn  2.00 
Si  1.00 
Cr  16.0-18.0 
Ni  10.0-14.0 
P  0.045 
S  0.03 
Mo  2.0-3.0 

Mechanical Properties

Properties Conditions 
T (°C)Treatment
Density (×1000 kg/m3) 8 25  
Poisson's Ratio 0.27-0.30 25  
Elastic Modulus (GPa) 193 25  
Tensile Strength (Mpa) 515  25  hot finished and annealed (wire) more
Yield Strength (Mpa) 205 
Elongation (%) 40 
Reduction in Area (%) 50 
Hardness (HRB) 95 (max)  25  annealed (plate, sheet, strip) 

Thermal Properties

Properties Conditions 
T (°C)Treatment
Thermal Expansion (10-6/ºC) 15.9  0-100 more  
Thermal Conductivity (W/m-K) 16.2  100 more  
Specific Heat (J/kg-K) 500  0-100   

Electric Properties

Properties Conditions 
T (°C)Treatment
Electric Resistivity (10-9W-m) 740  25   
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