The resistance-temperature (R-T) relationship plays a central role in resistance temperature detectors (RTDs). The R-T relationship of some common RTD materials are illustratrated in the following schematic where the y-axis is the normalized resistance with respect to resistance at 0 °C (32 °F), x-axis is the temperature.
for some RTD materials
For a given material, the resistance at any temperature can be obtained by curve-fitting the R-T curve. Suppose that a nth degree polynomial least-square curve-fit is used. The temperature function will then be,
Some references suggest to express the resistance as a function of temperature (rather than temperature as a function of resistance), i.e.,
Although such a relationship is mathematically correct, its usefulness is limited. After all, we are interested in determining temperature from a resistance measurement.