engineering fundamentals HuaHai Hardware Cloth Factory

HuaHai Hardware Cloth Factory

Manufactory and leading supplier of hardware cloth / wire mesh products

HuaHai is a leading supplier of hardware cloth mesh products for the building, fencing, filter industry. We are always dedicated to customer satisfaction and we build excellent relationships with our global importers. Our factory has been long term supplier to most of our customers for our reliability, experience, excellent reputation.

We have first-class automatic welding machines that can produce full range of mesh sizes, in standard type or special type. The fully digital controlled techniques and well-trained staff can ensure the uinform and accurate mesh size and the precise dimensions of the rolls and panels.

Our products fall into two categories according to manufacturing: welded wires and woven wires.

Welded mesh series mainly include: Galvanized welded wire, hot dipped welded mesh, pvc and vinyl coated welded mesh, stainless steel welded mesh.
Woven wire series mainly include: Hexagonal wire mesh, square hole galvanized mesh, pvc and vinyl coated woven wire mesh, stainless steel woven wire cloth.

Fields Served / Products used in:

Mesh fencing for borders, zoo, perimeters, temp control, security, tree guards, rabbit and animal cages ( rabbit cages, rabbit guard, fence, chicken coop floor and enclosure, etc); 
Various filter and screening; 
Building and construction; 



Wire Mesh Openings

Hardware cloth, also known as wire mesh or metal mesh, has mainly three hole types: 
Square opening, oblong opening, hexagonal opening.



Two types of processing hardware wire cloth basically: welded or woven.


Woven Wire Mesh

Three types: Plain Weave, Twill Weave, Twist Weave

Plain weave is used for general woven mesh type while Twilled weave is used for making of black iron fine mesh clothand vinyl coated cloth sometimes.

Light type woven mesh hardware cloth is used for window screening and other utilities.
Coarse woven gal. hardware cloth is made with pre crimped wire sometimes. Also in plain weave. This type of mesh is strong and mainly used for machine screening, mining, sand screens, etc.

Twilled weave is used for making of black steel mesh cloth and stainless steel wire mesh for filtration and sifting uses. Plain weave also applied to black wire cloth and vinyl coated hardware cloth.

Twisted weave is mainly applied in hexagonal mesh making.


Welded Wire Mesh

Welded wire offers much better strength, corrosion resistance and better fabrication capability than woven wire products.
Welded mesh can be made from a variety of materials, including carbon steel wire, stainless steel or plastic coated iron wire. Welded prior to galvanizing or after galvanizing.

Typical Sizes:
5/8" x 5/8", Wire Gauge 18,19,20,21;
3/4" x 3/4", Wire Gauge 16,17,18,19,20,21;
1" x 1/2", Wire Gauge 16,17,18,19,20,21;
1-1/2" x 1-1/2", Wire Gauge 14,15,16,17,18,19;
1" x 2", Wire Gauge 14,15,16;
2" x 2", 12,13,14,15,16

Standard roll length: 30m;width: 0.5m to 1.8m 
Special sizes welded wire mesh is available at request 

Surface treatment:
Stainless steelHot dip zinc platinggalvanizingplastic coatingvinyl coating.

General processing:
Gal. before welding;
Gal. after welding;
HDG before welding;
HDG after welding.




Electro galvanized finish offers good corrosion resistance, bright appearance, long service life and other features.
The electric galvanized hardware cloth is less cost compared with HDG mesh as the later used more zinc material in plating and it takes more time to work on it.
Black iron wire is the most low cost solution with slight oil protection.
Vinyl coating adds uniform protection layer for wire mesh fabrics made of galvanized steel wire or HDG steel wire. Black is the popular color used.
Silver bright finish stainless steel wire mesh has a naturally excellence in acid and alkaline resistance.


Wire mesh galvanized finish


Materials for Manufacturing

Plain steel
Stainless steel (woven, welded)
Galvanized steel (welded, woven)
Other alloy

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Galvanised and PVC Coated Hexagonal Hole Wire Mesh ( Hardware Cloth )

Galvanized Steel Wire Mesh in Hexagonal Hole
Stucco netting, hot dipped galvanized finish, 1 inch x 20 Gauge, 36''x150' Rolls, for building wall construction


Also known as chicken mesh, gabion mesh. Belonging to woven wire mesh.


Weaving Types: Straight twist, reverse twisted and double twisted strengthened. 

Hexagonal Mesh, Electro Galvanized before Weaving; 
Electro Galvanized After Weaving;
Hot Dipped Galvanized before Weaving; 
Hot Dipped Galvanized after Weaving; 
PVC Coated Before or After Weaving.

Mild steel, stainless steel, copper, brass.
Surface treatment: Electro galvanized , hot-dipped galvanized, Galfan, PVC, vinyl coated

Rolls width and length: in inch and feet:
24 inch x 50 feet, 36 inch x 50 feet, 48 inch x 50 feet, 12 inch x 150 feet, 18 inch x 150 feet, 24 inch x 150 feet, 36 inch x 150 feet, 48 inch x 150 feet, 60 inch x 150 feet, 72 inch x 150 feet, 84 inch x 150 feet, 90 inch x 100 feet.

Hexagonal Nets are used in the following fields:

Building materials for wall reinforcing, for structural support purposes and heat insulation: used as stucco netting and plaster mesh; 
Pipe wrapping materials;
Light fencing applications: Machine guards, protective fences, garden fencing and other barriers;
Poultry wire fencing: chicken wire, coops, egg layer cages, rabbit control trellis and cages;
Gabion baskets and mattresses for reinforcement and protection of sea banks, slopes, bridges and other engineering projects;
Indicator & protection for underground cables and pipes, windows protection;
Architectural mesh and decorative mesh for furniture making and other uses.


Galv. Hexagonal Netting, with Mesh, Min. Zinc Coating Quantity, Roll Size and Wire Gauge
Mesh Min. Gal.v. 
Width Wire Gauge (Diameter) 
Inch mm Tolerance(mm)
0.7mm - 145
2' - 1M
27, 26, 25, 24, 23
0.7mm - 95
2' - 2M
25, 24, 23, 22, 21
0.7mm - 70
2' - 2M
27, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22
0.7mm - 55
2' - 2M
25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19
0.9mm - 55
1' - 2M
25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18
0.9mm - 40
1' - 2M
23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18
1.0mm - 45
1' - 2M
23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18
1.2mm - 40
1' - 2M
23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18
1.0mm - 30
1' - 2M
21, 20, 19, 18
1.4mm - 30
2' - 2M
20, 19, 18, 17
1.6mm - 30
2' - 2M
19, 18, 17, 16
-Materials, Chemicals and Adhesives > Metals and Alloys
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Plain Steel Hardware Cloth - Filter Screen

Annealed wire mesh cloth ( with non galvanizing ), cut into circles: 
Material: Black annealed wire mesh
38 x 34 mesh x 0.29 mm wire x 3 feet x 15 m rolls
Outer disc diameter 4.5" , 5.25" ,5.5" , 6" , 7". 

Disc Varieties:
Single layer without edged.
Single layer with rims.
Mutil layers filter disc with edge.
Dutch weave wire cloth filter disc.
Spot welded with closed selvaged type.
Spot welded without closed selvaged type.
Sintered mesh filter disc.
Black wire cloth disc.

Material: 201, 304, 304L, 316, 316L, 430 etc.
Weave: Plain weave, Twilled weave.
Wire diameter: 0.13-2.5mm
Disc diameter: 25-1500mm
Thickness size: 1mm to 5mm
Layer: Single layer or multi-layers
Shape: Rectangle, aquare, round, oval, circular.

No Galvanizing Black Steel Hardware Wire Cloth in Rolls 
Material: low carbon steel wire.
Hole: Square
Weaving: Plain or twill woven wire cloth. Can be processed into filter discs of various sizes.
Uses: To be cut to size in all shapes including, squares, rectangles and circles in all materials and mesh sizes.

Woven wire screen is mainly used in filtration and screening of rubber, plastic, petroleum and grains industry.

Plain Weave Illu
Twill Weave Illu
Steel Filter Wire Cloth
Mesh/Inch Wire Diameter
Plain Weave 12mesh 0.35mm
Plain Weave 12mesh  0.45mm
Plain Weave 14mesh 
Plain Weave 16mesh 
Plain Weave 18mesh 0.45mm
Plain Weave 20mesh 0.40mm
Plain Weave 20mesh 0.45mm
Plain Weave 24mesh 0.35mm
Plain Weave 30mesh 0.30mm
Plain Weave 30mesh 
Plain Weave 40mesh 0.25mm
Plain Weave 50mesh 0.23mm
Plain Weave 60mesh 0.17mm
Plain Weave 80mesh 0.13mm
Dutch Weave 12meshx64mesh 0.60mmx0.40mm
Dutch Weave 14meshx88mesh 0.50mmx0.33mm
Dutch Weave 24meshx110mesh 0.35mmx0.25mm
Dutch Weave 30meshx150mesh 0.24mmx0.178mm
-Materials, Chemicals and Adhesives > Metals and Alloys

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Black Vinyl Coated Mesh Cloth

23 Gauge Welded Mesh Type Hardware Cloth with Vinyl Coating

Black pvc coated cloth, mesh fencing, 1/4" x 1/4", BWG23, 3 feet tall, 50 feet long

asic mesh types: Woven wire / twisted mesh, galvanized mesh, welded wire 
Opening shapes: Hexagonal, square, rectangular 
Black is the most popular color used in producing of vinyl / polymer coated wire mesh.

Material: Galvanized wire, redrawing galvanized wire
Surface treatment: electro-galvanized, hot-dipped galvanized, then vinyl coated
Features: Sunlight proof, corrosion resistant, long service life. The vinyl/plastic coating has a extreme resistant to cracking, chipping and weathering as the thick coating is tightly bonded to the wire. 
Black vinyl coated mesh cloth is used in agriculture, building, fencing, cultivation, machine guarding and barrier, etc.

Custom Service Available 
It is supplied in rolls or cut into pieces. 
Custom service: Vinyl coating color, wire gauge, mesh opening, roll length and width, pieces sizes, can be custom produced. 
Samples of cut strips or pieces provided for most products while Full sized samples upon request for some special kinds.

16 GA Welded Mesh Type Hardware Cloth with Vinyl Coating

Fencing Welded Wire Exported to USA
16 Gauge x 2 mesh
Square hole galvanized mesh with further vinyl coating
Popular in USA market.



Black Weld Mesh Hardware Cloth for Screen Uses

Mesh: 8 mesh ( 1/8"), hole: square hole
Mesh: 4 mesh (1/4") , hole: square hole


Hexagonal Hole Mesh with Durable Vinyl Coating

Vinyl coated woven wire is supplied in popular black color, made of galvanized steel wire with powder coating. 
Mesh shape: Hexagonal 
Vinyl and pvc coated hexagonal mesh finds the following applications:
Structural support purposes and heat insulation (for construction of ceilings, boilers)
Pipe wrapping( in petrolium) and isolation purposes
Indicator & protection for underground cables and pipes, windows protection 
Light fencing applications, fishing, poultry farm, sugar industry 
Rubber industry , rockwool blanket industry.
Poultry & animal housing, Crop protection: making of fruit cages, garden protection fence, rabbit control trellis. 
Stucco netting in construction,  reinforcement pavement mesh in road.

-Materials, Chemicals and Adhesives > Metals and Alloys

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1/2" x 1/2" PVC Coated Hardware Cloth, Green PVC Coated

1/2" x 1/2" PVC Coated Hardware Cloth, Green PVC Coated 
Dark green pvc coated welded wire mesh, 1/2" x 1/2" square hole



Common specifications

Mesh : 4"x2", 3"x2", 1"x1", 1"x2", etc.
wire dia: 14ga,16ga, 12.5ga.
roll size : 2',3',4',5',6'x50'/100',etc.
finish: galvanized , pvc coated.
packing: water-proof paper with label.

Common applications:

Poultry and small animals fencing; lawn & garden fencing; pet fencing; animal cages; tree guards; border security and temp fencing. 

Mesh Size Wire Diameter (In mm) Rolls: Width & Length
In Inch In MM Before coating After coating Width: 0.5m-2.0m.
Length: 25m, 30m. 
Other sizes can be made as request.
1/2" 12.7mm 0.45mm - 1.6mm 0.85mm - 2.1mm
3/4" 19.05mm 0.45mm - 1.6mm 0.85mm - 2.1mm
1" 25.4mm 0.88mm - 2.1mm 1.35mm - 2.6mm
2" 50.8mm 1.0mm - 1.82mm 1.45mm - 2.4mm
2" x 4" 50.8 x 101.6mm 1.24mm - 1.82mm 1.7mm - 2.4mm
1/4" 6.35mm 0.56mm - 0.88mm 1.0mm - 1.4mm
3/8" 9.52mm 0.457mm - 1.06mm 0.91mm - 1.6mm
5/8" 16mm 0.457mm - 1.4mm 0.91mm - 2.0mm
Note: pvc thickness can be adjusted
-Materials, Chemicals and Adhesives > Metals and Alloys

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Stainless Steel Filter Screen - Type AISI 904L and 316L

Filter elements of the following material:

Model SSWM-2411-0304: Filter screen 24x110 mesh, wire 0,36/0,26mm, Material: 1.4539 AISI 904L, Rolls: 15m x 100 m
Model SSWM-2411-0216: Filterscreen 24x110 mesh, wire 0,26/0,36mm, Material: 1.4404 AISI 316L, Rolls: 15m x 100 m 
Model SSWM-1330-0216: Filterscreen 130 x 30 mesh, wire 0,20/0,40mm, Material: 1.4404 AISI 316L, Rolls: 15m x 100 m
Model SSWM-1330-0204: Filterscreen 130 x 30 mesh, wire 0,20/0,40mm, Material: 1.4539 AISI 904L, Rolls: 15m x 100 m
Model SSWM-1330-1516: Stainless steel strips: AISI 316L, thickness 1,50mm, width 88mm finish 2B Cold rolled


904L steel is commonly used in the high-tech, aerospace and chemical industries. Its outstanding corrosion resistance is comparable to that of precious metals. 904L and 316L have the samilar main components are nickel, chromium, molybdenum, but the ratio is different. The biggest difference between 904L and 316L is the content of chrome metal in the material. 904L steel contains more chromium. Chromium can help the surface of metal materials to form anti-corrosion protective film, so the corrosion resistance is stronger than 316L.



Type 304 often refers to as "18-8" (18% chromium, 8% nickel ). T-304 is the basic stainless alloy mostly commonly utilized for wire cloth weaving. It withstands outdoor exposure without rusting and resists oxidation at an elevated temperature up to 1400 Degrees Fahrenheit. Type 304 L is very similar to T-304, the difference being the reduced carbon content for better weaving and secondary welding characteristics.



Type 316: Stabilized by the addition of 2% molybdenum, T-316 is an "18-8" alloy. Type 316 has better resistance to pitting corrosion than the other chromium-nickel stainless steels where brines, sulfur-bearing water or halogen salts, such as chlorides are present. Type 316 L: Type 316 L is very similar to T-316, the difference being the reduced carbon content for better wire cloth weaving and secondary welding characteristics. 316L steel is mainly used in food processing and medical instrument.


AISI 316 L:

Very similar to AISI316, yet with the reduced carbon content for better wire cloth weaving. Woven wire of 316L offers excellent resistance against acid, alkali, heat and corrosion, extensively used in processing of oil, chemical, food, making wire mesh filter, also sorting and screening of solid, liquid and gas in mine, metallurgy, airspace and machine making.


Monel Steel:

The monel steel is also known as Nickel-copper alloy material as its main chemical components are nickel and copper. Monel series material series include Monel400,Monel401, Monel404, MonelR405 and Monel K-500. The most popular monel mesh is made of Monel 400 or Monel K-500.

Monel wire mesh has 60% up of nickel content which offers intense resistance to the variety of corrosion conditions such as resistance to brackish water, steam, salt and caustic solutions. Also, the melting point of Monel material is 1300 to 1350 and this enables Monel wire mesh products suitable for high temperature working conditions. Monel steel mesh is often used in research and development of petroleum and ocean exploring activities.

-Materials, Chemicals and Adhesives > Metals and Alloys

Related Product Categories
Materials, Chemicals and Adhesives
Metals and Alloys
Any of various opaque, fusible, ductile, and typically lustrous substances that are good conductors of electricity and heat, form cations by loss of electrons, and yield basic oxides and hydroxides.
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