An automatic guided vehicle (AGV) is a mobile robot that is programmed to follow markers or wires in the floor, or use vision or laser guidance and move around the designated paths or areas. AGV is most often used to move materials around a manufacturing facility or a warehouse in order to increase efficiency and reduce labor costs.
The Navigation of automatic guided vehicles (AGV) include wired, guide tape, laser target navigation, gyroscopic navigation, natural features navigation, steering control. Common AGV Applications include raw material handling, work-in-process movement, pallet handling, finished product handling, trailer loading, roll handling. AGV has grown beyond warehousing and is often employed in the following industries: pharmaceutical, chemical, manufacturing, automotive, paper and print, food and beverage, hospital.