Hooke's Law for Isotropic Materials
 Hooke's Law: Isotropic Materials
 Formula Home Mechanics of Matl. Stress Strain Hooke's Law Orthotropic Material Transverse Isotropic Isotropic Material Plane Stress Plane Strain Finding E and n Finding G and K Applications Pressure Vessels Rosette Strain Gages Failure Criteria Calculators Stress Transform Strain Transform Principal Stress Principal Strain Elastic Constants Resources Bibliography
 Home Membership Magazines Forum Search Member Calculators
 Materials Design Processes Units Formulas Math
 Isotropic Definition Most metallic alloys and thermoset polymers are considered isotropic, where by definition the material properties are independent of direction. Such materials have only 2 independent variables (i.e. elastic constants) in their stiffness and compliance matrices, as opposed to the 21 elastic constants in the general anisotropic case. The two elastic constants are usually expressed as the Young's modulus E and the Poisson's ratio n. However, the alternative elastic constants K (bulk modulus) and/or G (shear modulus) can also be used. For isotropic materials, G and K can be found from E and n by a set of equations, and vice-versa. Hooke's Law in Compliance Form Hooke's law for isotropic materials in compliance matrix form is given by, Some literatures may have a factor 2 multiplying the shear modulii in the compliance matrix resulting from the difference between shear strain and engineering shear strain, where , etc. Hooke's Law in Stiffness Form The stiffness matrix is equal to the inverse of the compliance matrix, and is given by, Some literatures may have a factor 1/2 multiplying the shear modulii in the stiffness matrix resulting from the difference between shear strain and engineering shear strain, where , etc. Visit the elastic constant calculator to see the interplay amongst the 4 elastic constants (E, n, G, K).
Glossary