A wire strain gage can effectively measure strain in only one direction. To determine the three independent components of plane strain, three linearly independent strain measures are needed, i.e., three strain gages positioned in a rosettelike layout.
Consider a strain rosette attached on the surface with an angle a from the xaxis. The rosette itself contains three strain gages with the internal angles b and g, as illustrated on the right.
Suppose that the strain measured from these three strain gages are e_{a}, e_{b}, and e_{c}, respectively.
The following coordinate transformation equation is used to convert the longitudinal strain from each strain gage into strain expressed in the xy coordinates,
Applying this equation to each of the three strain gages results in the following system of equations,
These equations are then used to solve for the three unknowns, e_{x}, e_{y}, and e_{xy}.
Note: 
1. 
The above formulas use the strain measure e_{xy} as opposed to the engineering shear strain g_{xy}, . To use g_{xy}, the above equations should be adjusted accordingly. 

2. 
The free surface on which the strain rosette is attached is actually in a state of plane stress, while the formulas used above are for plane strain. However, the normal direction of the free surface is indeed a principal axis for strain. Therefore, the strain transform in the free surface plane can be applied. 
