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 Author: neil moran Time: 01/31/03 14:23 PST This is a reply to message no. 10466 by ddelaiar Reply | Original Message | New Topic | List Topics | List Messages on This Topic
 Current Topic:Press Fit Pressure Hi Dan, Sorry I think I misunderstood your problem, it is the pressure between the head and the tube due to the interference fit that you are trying to arrive at. In that case I shall try again. Let us assume that the head is made from steel with internal and external diameters of say 2” and 2.25” respectively and Es = 30 x 10^6 lb/in^2. The tube is made from copper with internal and external diameters of say 1.875” and 2.005” respectively and Ec = 10 x 10^6 lb/in^2. Now the thickness of the steel head St =  (2.25 – 2.00) / 2 = 0.125” and that of the copper tube Ct =  (2.000 – 1.875) / 2 = 0.0625” Since there are no applied external forces, the sum of the internal forces must = 0 Or the ((stress in steel x area) + (stress in copper x area)) = 0 Which gives us 0.125Ss + 0.0625Sc = 0 (note that lengths cancel out), therefore Sc = -2.0Ss Now from our college days we remember that E = Stress / Strain and Strain = Extension / Original length. Also, at the interface between the head and the tube, the circumferential strains in the copper and steel must be the same ie. Strain(steel) = Strain(copper). We now have all we need to do the calculations. (Ss / Es + Sc / Ec) = Extension / Original length (Ss / 30 x 10^6 + -2.0Ss / 10 x 10^6) = Pi x 0.005 / Pi x 2.000 Solving gives Circumferential stress in the steel  Ss = 10714 lb/in^2 And Circumferential stress in the copper  Sc = 2 x 10714 = 21428 lb/in^2 From this we can get the radial pressure at the interface using the thin cylinder formula – Stress = P x r / t Using steel values P = Ss x St / radius = 10714 x 0.125 / 2.000 = 670 lb/in^2 And check using copper values P = Sc x Ct / radius = 21428 x 0.0625 / 2.000 = 670 lb/in^2 Phew, got there at last. Hope this helps and I have got my maths right. Regards, Neil Moran