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Author: rolschwarz
Time: 08/19/05 06:27 PST
This is a reply to message no. 16660 by ponma
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Current Topic:
Expansion / Contraction of Ice
Fill in these blanks:
Density of liquid water at +4°C:___
Density of liquid water at 0°C: ___
Density of ice at 0°C:___

Ice is much less dense.  Is the 0.01% volume increase from 4°C to 0°C liquid really enough to burst pipes?  Not in most countries with adequate plumbing codes.  A quick hoop stress calculation shows this.
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