eFunda: Properties of Stainless Steel AISI Type 316L
engineering fundamentals Stainless Steel AISI Type 316L
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AISI Type 316L
Category Steel
Class Stainless steel
Type Austenitic standard
Common Names Chromium-Nickel steel
Designations  France: AFNOR Z 2 CND 17.12
Germany: DIN 1.4404
Italy: UNI X 2 CrNiMo 17 12
Japan: JIS SUN 310 , JIS SUS 316L
Sweden: SS 2348
United Kingdom: B.S. 316 S 12 , B.S. 316 S 14 , B.S. 316 S 22 , B.S. 316 S 24 , B.S. 316 S 29 , B.S. 316 S 30 , B.S. 316 S 31 , B.S. 316 S 37 , B.S. 316 S 82 , B.S. S.537
United States: AMS 5507 , AMS 5653 , ASME SA182 , ASME SA213 , ASME SA240 , ASME SA249 , ASME SA312 , ASME SA403 , ASME SA479 , ASME SA688 , ASTM A167 , ASTM A182 , ASTM A213 , ASTM A240 , ASTM A249 , ASTM A269 , ASTM A276 , ASTM A312 , ASTM A314 , ASTM A403 , ASTM A473 , ASTM A478 , ASTM A479 , ASTM A511 , ASTM A554 , ASTM A580 , ASTM A632 , ASTM A688 , FED QQ-S-763 , FED QQ-S-766 , MIL SPEC MIL-S-862 , SAE 30316L , SAE J405 (30316L) , UNS S31603

Composition

ElementWeight %
C  0.03 
Mn  2.00 
Si  1.00 
Cr  16.0-18.0 
Ni  10.0-14.0 
P  0.045 
S  0.03 
Mo  2.0-3.0 

Mechanical Properties

Properties Conditions 
T (°C)Treatment
Density (×1000 kg/m3) 8 25  
Poisson's Ratio 0.27-0.30 25  
Elastic Modulus (GPa) 190-210 25  
Tensile Strength (Mpa) 480  25  hot finished and annealed (wire) more
Yield Strength (Mpa) 170 
Elongation (%) 40 
Reduction in Area (%) 50 
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