eFunda: Properties of Stainless Steel AISI Type 405
engineering fundamentals Stainless Steel AISI Type 405
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AISI Type 405
Category Steel
Class Stainless steel
Type Ferritic standard
Common Names Chromium steel
Designations  France: AFNOR Z 6 CA 13
Germany: DIN 1.4002
Italy: UNI X 6 CrAI 13
Japan: JIS SUS 405
United Kingdom: B.S. 405 S 17
United States: ASME SA240 , ASME SA268 , ASME SA479 , ASTM A176 , ASTM A240 , ASTM A268 , ASTM A276 , ASTM A314 , ASTM A473 , ASTM A479 , ASTM A511 , ASTM A580 , FED QQ-S-763 , MIL SPEC MIL.S-862 , SAE 51405 , SAE J405 (51405) , UNS S40500

Composition

ElementWeight %
C  0.08 
Mn  1.00 
Si  1.00 
Cr  11.5-14.5 
P  0.04 
S  0.03 
Al  0.10-0.30 

Mechanical Properties

Properties Conditions 
T (°C)Treatment
Density (×1000 kg/m3) 7.8 25  
Poisson's Ratio 0.27-0.30 25  
Elastic Modulus (GPa) 200 25  
Tensile Strength (Mpa) 480  25  annealed, cold finished (plate, sheet, strip) more
Yield Strength (Mpa) 275 
Elongation (%) 16 
Reduction in Area (%) 45 
Hardness (HRB) 88 (max)  25  annealed (plate, sheet, strip) 

Thermal Properties

Properties Conditions 
T (°C)Treatment
Thermal Expansion (10-6/ºC) 10.8  0-100 more  
Thermal Conductivity (W/m-K) 27  100   
Specific Heat (J/kg-K) 460  0-100   

Electric Properties

Properties Conditions 
T (°C)Treatment
Electric Resistivity (10-9W-m) 600  25   
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