Properties of Common Solid Materials
 Properties of Common Solid Materials
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Introduction

Properties of common solid materials are divided into following categories:

  Physical properties: Density, melting and boiling temperature.  Mechanical Properties: Including basic mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mechanical strength properties, i.e., yielding stress, ultimate stress, elongation.  Thermal Properties: Coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity.  Electric Properties: Electric resistivity.  Acoustic Properties: Compression wave velocity, shear wave velocity, bar velocity.

 Note: 1 All properties are under 1 atm (1.01325×105 Pa; 760 mmHg; 14.6959 psi) and at room temperature 25 ºC (77 ºF) unless specified otherwise. 2 Further information on a specific material can be obtained by clicking the name of that particular material in the following table. 3 Users who prefer Standard or other unit systems rather than the SI units, click the amount (number) of the specific material property for unit conversion. 4 Materials in different phases at room temperature: Liquid, Gas.

Electric Properties
 Material Electric Resistivity(×10-9 W·m) Aluminum [Al] 27 Aluminum Alloy 50 Brass 20 - 61 Carbon [C] 1.4 × 104 Copper [Cu] 17 Copper Alloy 17 - 490 Gold [Au] 24 Iron [Fe] 97 Lead [Pb] 210 Magnesium [Mg] 45 Nickel [Ni] 70 Platinum [Pt] 110 Silicon [Si] 100 Silver [Ag] 16 Solder; Tin-Lead 130 - 210 Steel 120 - 1700 Tin [Sn] 110 Titanium [Ti] 430 Tungsten [W] 56 Zinc [Zn] 59