Properties of Common Solid Materials
engineering fundamentals Properties of Common Solid Materials
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Properties of common solid materials are divided into following categories:


  • Physical properties: Density, melting and boiling temperature.
• Mechanical Properties: Including basic mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mechanical strength properties, i.e., yielding stress, ultimate stress, elongation.
• Thermal Properties: Coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity.
• Electric Properties: Electric resistivity.
• Acoustic Properties: Compression wave velocity, shear wave velocity, bar velocity.


  Note: 1. All properties are under 1 atm (1.01325×105 Pa; 760 mmHg; 14.6959 psi) and at room temperature 25 ºC (77 ºF) unless specified otherwise.
  2. Further information on a specific material can be obtained by clicking the name of that particular material in the following table.
  3. Users who prefer Standard or other unit systems rather than the SI units, click the amount (number) of the specific material property for unit conversion.
  4. Materials in different phases at room temperature: Liquid, Gas.

Electric Properties
Material Electric Resistivity
(×10-9 W·m)
Aluminum [Al] 27
Aluminum Alloy 50
Brass 20 - 61
Carbon [C] 1.4 × 104
Copper [Cu] 17
Copper Alloy 17 - 490
Gold [Au] 24
Iron [Fe] 97
Lead [Pb] 210
Magnesium [Mg] 45
Nickel [Ni] 70
Platinum [Pt] 110
Silicon [Si] 100
Silver [Ag] 16
Solder; Tin-Lead 130 - 210
Steel 120 - 1700
Tin [Sn] 110
Titanium [Ti] 430
Tungsten [W] 56
Zinc [Zn] 59
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