Properties of Common Solid Materials
 Properties of Common Solid Materials
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Introduction

Properties of common solid materials are divided into following categories:

  Physical properties: Density, melting and boiling temperature.  Mechanical Properties: Including basic mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mechanical strength properties, i.e., yielding stress, ultimate stress, elongation.  Thermal Properties: Coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity.  Electric Properties: Electric resistivity.  Acoustic Properties: Compression wave velocity, shear wave velocity, bar velocity.

 Note: 1 All properties are under 1 atm (1.01325×105 Pa; 760 mmHg; 14.6959 psi) and at room temperature 25 ºC (77 ºF) unless specified otherwise. 2 Further information on a specific material can be obtained by clicking the name of that particular material in the following table. 3 Users who prefer Standard or other unit systems rather than the SI units, click the amount (number) of the specific material property for unit conversion. 4 Materials in different phases at room temperature: Liquid, Gas.

Basic Mechanical Properties
 Material Elastic Modulus(GPa) Shear Modulus(GPa) Poisson's Ratio Aluminum [Al] 70 26 0.33 Aluminum Alloy 70 - 79 26 - 30 0.33 Brass 96 - 110 36 - 41 0.34 Brass; Noval 100 39 0.34 Brass; Red (80% Cu, 20% Zn) 100 39 0.34 Brick (Compression) 10 - 24 - - Bronze; Regular 96 - 120 36 - 44 0.34 Bronze; Manganese 100 39 0.34 Carbon [C] 6.9 - - Ceramic 300 - 400 - - Concrete 18 - 30 - 0.1 - 0.2 Copper [Cu] 110 - 120 40 - 47 0.33 - 0.36 Copper Alloy 120 47 - Cork - - 0 Glass 48 - 83 19 - 34 0.2 - 0.27 Gold [Au] 83 - 0.44 Iron (Cast) 83 - 170 32 - 69 0.2 - 0.3 Iron (Wrought) 190 75 0.3 Magnesium [Mg] 41 15 0.35 Magnesium Alloy 45 17 0.35 Monel (67% Ni, 30% Cu) 170 66 0.32 Nickel [Ni] 210 80 0.31 Nylon; Polyamide 2.1 - 2.8 - 0.4 Platinum [Pt] 145 - 0.38 Rubber 7.0 × 10-4 - 4.0 × 10-3 2.0 × 10-4 - 1.0 × 10-3 0.45 - 0.5 Silver [Ag] 76 - - Solder; Tin-Lead 18 - 35 - - Steel 190 - 210 75 - 80 0.27 - 0.3 Stone; Granite (Compression) 40 - 70 - 0.2 - 0.3 Stone; Limestone (Compression) 20 - 70 - 0.2 - 0.3 Stone; Marble (Compression) 50 - 100 - 0.2 - 0.3 Tin [Sn] 41 - 0.36 Titanium [Ti] 110 40 - 40 0.33 Titanium Alloy 110 - 120 39 - 44 0.33 Wood; Ash (Bending) 10 - 11 - - Wood; Douglas Fir (Bending) 11 - 13 - - Wood; Oak (Bending) 11 - 12 - - Wood; Southern Pine (Bending) 11 - 14 - - Zinc [Zn] - - 0.25
Mechanical Strength Properties
 Material Yield Stress(MPa) Ultimate Stress(MPa) Elongation(%) Aluminum [Al] 20 70 60 Aluminum Alloy 35 - 500 100 - 550 1 - 45 Brass 70 - 550 200 - 620 4 - 60 Brass; Noval 170 - 410 410 - 590 15 - 50 Brass; Red (80% Cu, 20% Zn) 90 - 470 300 - 590 4 - 50 Brick - 7.0 - 70 - Bronze; Regular 82 - 690 200 - 830 5 - 60 Bronze; Manganese 170 - 450 450 - 620 10 - 35 Concrete (Compression) - 10 - 70 - Copper [Cu] 55 - 330 230 - 380 10 - 50 Copper Alloy 760 830 4 Glass - 30 - 1000 - Iron (Cast) 120 - 290 69 - 480 0 - 1 Iron (Wrought) 210 340 35 Magnesium [Mg] 20 - 70 100 - 170 5 - 15 Magnesium Alloy 80 - 280 140 - 340 2 - 20 Monel (67% Ni, 30% Cu) 170 - 1100 450 - 1200 2 - 50 Nickel [Ni] 140 - 620 310 - 760 2 - 50 Nylon; Polyamide - 40 - 70 50 Rubber 1.0 - 7.0 7.0 - 20 100 - 800 Solder; Tin-Lead - 12 - 54 55 - 30 Steel 280 - 1600 340 - 1900 3 - 40 Stone; Granite (Compression) - 70 - 280 - Stone; Limestone (Compression) - 20 - 200 - Stone; Marble (Compression) - 50 - 180 - Titanium [Ti] - 500 25 Titanium Alloy - 900 - 970 10 Tungsten [W] - 1400 - 4000 0 - 4 Wood; Ash (Bending) 40 - 70 50 - 100 - Wood; Douglas Fir (Bending) 30 - 50 50 - 80 - Wood; Oak (Bending) 40 - 60 50 - 100 - Wood; Southern Pine (Bending) 40 - 60 50 - 100 -