Properties of Common Solid Materials
engineering fundamentals Properties of Common Solid Materials
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Introduction

Properties of common solid materials are divided into following categories:

 

  • Physical properties: Density, melting and boiling temperature.
• Mechanical Properties: Including basic mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mechanical strength properties, i.e., yielding stress, ultimate stress, elongation.
• Thermal Properties: Coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity.
• Electric Properties: Electric resistivity.
• Acoustic Properties: Compression wave velocity, shear wave velocity, bar velocity.

 

  Note: 1. All properties are under 1 atm (1.01325×105 Pa; 760 mmHg; 14.6959 psi) and at room temperature 25 ºC (77 ºF) unless specified otherwise.
  2. Further information on a specific material can be obtained by clicking the name of that particular material in the following table.
  3. Users who prefer Standard or other unit systems rather than the SI units, click the amount (number) of the specific material property for unit conversion.
  4. Materials in different phases at room temperature: Liquid, Gas.

Thermal Properties
Material Thermal Expansion Coefficient
(×10-6/ºC)
Thermal Conductivity
(W/m·K)
Aluminum [Al] 23.0 237
Aluminum Alloy 23.0 -
Brass 19.1 - 21.2 -
Brass; Noval 21.1 -
Brass; Red (80% Cu, 20% Zn) 19.1 -
Brick 5.00 - 7.00 -
Bronze; Regular 18.0 - 21.0 -
Bronze; Manganese 20.0 -
Concrete 7.00 - 14.0 -
Copper [Cu] 16.6 - 17.6 410
Copper Alloy 17.0 -
Glass 5.00 - 11.0 -
Gold [Au] - 317
Iron [Fe] - 80.2
Iron (Cast) 9.90 - 12.0 -
Iron (Wrought) 12.0 -
Lead [Pb] - 35.3
Magnesium [Mg] 25.2 156
Magnesium Alloy 26.1 - 28.8 -
Monel (67% Ni, 30% Cu) 14.0 -
Nickel [Ni] 13.0 90.7
Nylon; Polyamide 75.0 - 100 -
Platinum [Pt] - 71.6
Rubber 130 - 200 -
Silicon [Si] - 148
Silver [Ag] - 429
Solder; Tin-Lead - 30.0 - 49.8
Steel 10.0 - 18.0 -
Tin [Sn] - 66.6
Titanium [Ti] - 21.9
Titanium Alloy 8.00 - 10.0 -
Tungsten [W] 4.30 174
Zinc [Zn] 30.2 116
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