Properties of Common Solid Materials
 Properties of Common Solid Materials
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Introduction

Properties of common solid materials are divided into following categories:

  Physical properties: Density, melting and boiling temperature.  Mechanical Properties: Including basic mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mechanical strength properties, i.e., yielding stress, ultimate stress, elongation.  Thermal Properties: Coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity.  Electric Properties: Electric resistivity.  Acoustic Properties: Compression wave velocity, shear wave velocity, bar velocity.

 Note: 1 All properties are under 1 atm (1.01325×105 Pa; 760 mmHg; 14.6959 psi) and at room temperature 25 ºC (77 ºF) unless specified otherwise. 2 Further information on a specific material can be obtained by clicking the name of that particular material in the following table. 3 Users who prefer Standard or other unit systems rather than the SI units, click the amount (number) of the specific material property for unit conversion. 4 Materials in different phases at room temperature: Liquid, Gas.

Thermal Properties
 Material Thermal Expansion Coefficient(×10-6/ºC) Thermal Conductivity(W/m·K) Aluminum [Al] 23.0 237 Aluminum Alloy 23.0 - Brass 19.1 - 21.2 - Brass; Noval 21.1 - Brass; Red (80% Cu, 20% Zn) 19.1 - Brick 5.00 - 7.00 - Bronze; Regular 18.0 - 21.0 - Bronze; Manganese 20.0 - Concrete 7.00 - 14.0 - Copper [Cu] 16.6 - 17.6 410 Copper Alloy 17.0 - Glass 5.00 - 11.0 - Gold [Au] - 317 Iron [Fe] - 80.2 Iron (Cast) 9.90 - 12.0 - Iron (Wrought) 12.0 - Lead [Pb] - 35.3 Magnesium [Mg] 25.2 156 Magnesium Alloy 26.1 - 28.8 - Monel (67% Ni, 30% Cu) 14.0 - Nickel [Ni] 13.0 90.7 Nylon; Polyamide 75.0 - 100 - Platinum [Pt] - 71.6 Rubber 130 - 200 - Silicon [Si] - 148 Silver [Ag] - 429 Solder; Tin-Lead - 30.0 - 49.8 Steel 10.0 - 18.0 - Tin [Sn] - 66.6 Titanium [Ti] - 21.9 Titanium Alloy 8.00 - 10.0 - Tungsten [W] 4.30 174 Zinc [Zn] 30.2 116