Properties of Common solid Materials
engineering fundamentals Properties of Common solid Materials
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Introduction

Properties of common solid materials are divided into following categories:

 

  • Physical properties: Density, melting and boiling temperature.
• Mechanical Properties: Including basic mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mechanical strength properties, i.e., yielding stress, ultimate stress, elongation.
• Thermal Properties: Coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity.
• Electric Properties: Electric resistivity.
• Acoustic Properties: Compression wave velocity, shear wave velocity, bar velocity.

 

  Note: 1. All properties are under 1 atm (1.01325×105 Pa; 760 mmHg; 14.6959 psi) and at room temperature 25 ºC (77 ºF) unless specified otherwise.
  2. Further information on a specific material can be obtained by clicking the name of that particular material in the following table.
  3. Users who prefer Standard or other unit systems rather than the SI units, click the amount (number) of the specific material property for unit conversion.
  4. Materials in different phases at room temperature: Liquid, Gas.

Basic Mechanical Properties
Material Elastic Modulus
(GPa)
Shear Modulus
(GPa)
Poisson's Ratio
Aluminum [Al] 70 26 0.33
Aluminum Alloy 70 - 79 26 - 30 0.33
Brass 96 - 110 36 - 41 0.34
Brass; Noval 100 39 0.34
Brass; Red (80% Cu, 20% Zn) 100 39 0.34
Brick (Compression) 10 - 24 - -
Bronze; Regular 96 - 120 36 - 44 0.34
Bronze; Manganese 100 39 0.34
Carbon [C] 6.9 - -
Ceramic 300 - 400 - -
Concrete 18 - 30 - 0.1 - 0.2
Copper [Cu] 110 - 120 40 - 47 0.33 - 0.36
Copper Alloy 120 47 -
Cork - - 0
Glass 48 - 83 19 - 34 0.2 - 0.27
Gold [Au] 83 - 0.44
Iron (Cast) 83 - 170 32 - 69 0.2 - 0.3
Iron (Wrought) 190 75 0.3
Magnesium [Mg] 41 15 0.35
Magnesium Alloy 45 17 0.35
Monel (67% Ni, 30% Cu) 170 66 0.32
Nickel [Ni] 210 80 0.31
Nylon; Polyamide 2.1 - 2.8 - 0.4
Platinum [Pt] 145 - 0.38
Rubber 7.0 × 10-4 - 4.0 × 10-3 2.0 × 10-4 - 1.0 × 10-3 0.45 - 0.5
Silver [Ag] 76 - -
Solder; Tin-Lead 18 - 35 - -
Steel 190 - 210 75 - 80 0.27 - 0.3
Stone; Granite (Compression) 40 - 70 - 0.2 - 0.3
Stone; Limestone (Compression) 20 - 70 - 0.2 - 0.3
Stone; Marble (Compression) 50 - 100 - 0.2 - 0.3
Tin [Sn] 41 - 0.36
Titanium [Ti] 110 40 - 40 0.33
Titanium Alloy 110 - 120 39 - 44 0.33
Wood; Ash (Bending) 10 - 11 - -
Wood; Douglas Fir (Bending) 11 - 13 - -
Wood; Oak (Bending) 11 - 12 - -
Wood; Southern Pine (Bending) 11 - 14 - -
Zinc [Zn] - - 0.25
Mechanical Strength Properties
Material Yield Stress
(MPa)
Ultimate Stress
(MPa)
Elongation
(%)
Aluminum [Al] 20 70 60
Aluminum Alloy 35 - 500 100 - 550 1 - 45
Brass 70 - 550 200 - 620 4 - 60
Brass; Noval 170 - 410 410 - 590 15 - 50
Brass; Red (80% Cu, 20% Zn) 90 - 470 300 - 590 4 - 50
Brick - 7.0 - 70 -
Bronze; Regular 82 - 690 200 - 830 5 - 60
Bronze; Manganese 170 - 450 450 - 620 10 - 35
Concrete (Compression) - 10 - 70 -
Copper [Cu] 55 - 330 230 - 380 10 - 50
Copper Alloy 760 830 4
Glass - 30 - 1000 -
Iron (Cast) 120 - 290 69 - 480 0 - 1
Iron (Wrought) 210 340 35
Magnesium [Mg] 20 - 70 100 - 170 5 - 15
Magnesium Alloy 80 - 280 140 - 340 2 - 20
Monel (67% Ni, 30% Cu) 170 - 1100 450 - 1200 2 - 50
Nickel [Ni] 140 - 620 310 - 760 2 - 50
Nylon; Polyamide - 40 - 70 50
Rubber 1.0 - 7.0 7.0 - 20 100 - 800
Solder; Tin-Lead - 12 - 54 55 - 30
Steel 280 - 1600 340 - 1900 3 - 40
Stone; Granite (Compression) - 70 - 280 -
Stone; Limestone (Compression) - 20 - 200 -
Stone; Marble (Compression) - 50 - 180 -
Titanium [Ti] - 500 25
Titanium Alloy - 900 - 970 10
Tungsten [W] - 1400 - 4000 0 - 4
Wood; Ash (Bending) 40 - 70 50 - 100 -
Wood; Douglas Fir (Bending) 30 - 50 50 - 80 -
Wood; Oak (Bending) 40 - 60 50 - 100 -
Wood; Southern Pine (Bending) 40 - 60 50 - 100 -
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