Properties of Common Solid Materials
 Properties of Common Solid Materials
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Introduction

Properties of common solid materials are divided into following categories:

  Physical properties: Density, melting and boiling temperature.  Mechanical Properties: Including basic mechanical properties, such as elastic modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mechanical strength properties, i.e., yielding stress, ultimate stress, elongation.  Thermal Properties: Coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity.  Electric Properties: Electric resistivity.  Acoustic Properties: Compression wave velocity, shear wave velocity, bar velocity.

 Note: 1 All properties are under 1 atm (1.01325×105 Pa; 760 mmHg; 14.6959 psi) and at room temperature 25 ºC (77 ºF) unless specified otherwise. 2 Further information on a specific material can be obtained by clicking the name of that particular material in the following table. 3 Users who prefer Standard or other unit systems rather than the SI units, click the amount (number) of the specific material property for unit conversion. 4 Materials in different phases at room temperature: Liquid, Gas.

Physical Properties
 Material Density(×1000 kg/m3) Melting Point(ºC) Boiling Point(ºC) Aluminum [Al] 2.71 660.3 2519 Aluminum Alloy 2.64 - 2.8 565.0 - 660.0 - Brass 8.4 - 8.75 930.0 - Brass; Noval 8.4 - - Brass; Red (80% Cu, 20% Zn) 8.75 1000 - Brick 1.8 - 2.4 - - Bronze; Regular 7.8 - 8.8 1050 - Bronze; Manganese 8.3 - - Carbon [C] 2.25 4492 3642 Ceramic 2 - 3 3870 - Concrete 2.3 - 2.4 - - Copper [Cu] 8.94 1085 2562 Copper Alloy 8.23 925.0 - Cork 0.15 - 0.2 - - Glass 2.4 - 2.8 - - Gold [Au] 19.32 1064 2856 Iron [Fe] 7.87 1538 2861 Iron (Cast) 7 - 7.4 - - Iron (Wrought) 7.4 - 7.8 - - Lead [Pb] 11.3 327.5 1749 Magnesium [Mg] 1.74 650.0 1090 Magnesium Alloy 1.77 1246 2061 Monel (67% Ni, 30% Cu) 8.84 1330 - Nickel [Ni] 8.89 1455 2913 Nylon; Polyamide 1.1 - - Platinum [Pt] 21.4 1768 3825 Rubber 0.96 - 1.3 - - Silicon [Si] 2.33 1382 - Silver [Ag] 10.49 961.8 2162 Solder; Tin-Lead 8.17 - 11.34 215.0 - Steel 7.85 1425 - Stone; Granite 2.6 - - Stone; Limestone 2 - 2.9 - - Stone; Marble 2.6 - 2.9 - - Stone; Quartz 2.6 - - Tin [Sn] 7.3 231.9 2602 Titanium [Ti] 4.54 1668 3287 Titanium Alloy 4.51 - - Tungsten [W] 19.3 3422 5555 Wood; Ash 0.56 - 0.64 - - Wood; Douglas Fir 0.48 - 0.56 - - Wood; Oak 0.64 - 0.72 - - Wood; Southern Pine 0.55 - 0.64 - - Zinc [Zn] 7.14 419.5 907.0