|Similar to forced convection, heat transfer due to free convection is described by Newton's Law of Cooling,
The rate of heat transfered to the surrounding fluid is proportional to the object's exposed area A, and the difference between the object temperature Tw and the fluid free-stream temperature .
The constant of proportionality h is termed the convection heat-transfer coefficient. Other terms describing h include film coefficient and film conductance.
Variables needed to parameterize free convection are:
|Independent Parameters for the Fluid
|Independent Parameters for the Object