Formula Home Mechanics of Materials Stress Strain Hooke's Law Orthotropic Material Transverse Isotropic Isotropic Material Plane Stress Plane Strain Finding E and n Finding G and K Applications Pressure Vessels Rosette Strain Gages Failure Criteria Calculators Stress Transform Strain Transform Principal Stress Principal Strain Elastic Constants Resources Bibliography
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 Hooke's Law for Plane Stress For the simplification of plane stress, where the stresses in the z direction are considered to be negligible, , the stress-strain compliance relationship for an isotropic material becomes, The three zero'd stress entries in the stress vector indicate that we can ignore their associated columns in the compliance matrix (i.e. columns 3, 4, and 5). If we also ignore the rows associated with the strain components with z-subscripts, the compliance matrix reduces to a simple 3x3 matrix, The stiffness matrix for plane stress is found by inverting the plane stress compliance matrix, and is given by, Note that the stiffness matrix for plane stress is NOT found by removing columns and rows from the general isotropic stiffness matrix.
 Plane Stress Hooke's Law via Engineering Strain Some reference books incorporate the shear modulus G and the engineering shear strain gxy, related to the shear strain exy via, The stress-strain compliance matrix using G and gxy are, The stiffness matrix is, The shear modulus G is related to E and n via,
3D Scanners

A white paper to assist in the evaluation of 3D scanning hardware solutions.

Salary Expectation

8 things to know about the interview question "What's your salary expectation"?

Metal 3D Printing Design Guide

Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) 3D printing for parts with reduced cost and little waste.

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Information, coverage of important developments and expert commentary in manufacturing.