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Free Vibration of SDOF Systems
The vibration frequency of unforced spring-mass-damper systems depends on their mass, stiffness, and damping values. The ensuing time-behavior of such systems also depends on their initial velocities and displacements.

To calculate the vibration frequency and time-behavior of an unforced spring-mass-damper system, enter the following values. (The default calculation is for an undamped spring-mass system, initially at rest but stretched 1 cm from its neutral position. Answers are rounded to 3 significant figures.)

Inputs
  Mass, m:    
  Stiffness, k:    
  Damping, cv:    
  Initial Displacement, x0:    
  Initial Velocity, v0:    
Answers
  Natural Angular Frequency, wn:  1.00  rad/s
  Natural Frequency, fn:  0.159  Hz
  Damping Ratio, z:  0  
  Damped Angular Frequency, wd:  1.00  rad/s
  Damped Frequency, fd:  0.159  Hz
 
Time Response

 x[t] = 1.00*Cos[1.00*t] + (0)*Sin[1.00*t] cm  Free SDOF System Calculator Related Plotter
 This system is undamped.
For more information on unforced spring-mass systems, see SODF free vibration theory.
Glossary